Signs, prevention, treatment of osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine

According to the ratings of the International Classification of Diseases, osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine belongs to the tenth group (ICD 10). This disease is one of the most commonly diagnosed spinal disorders.

back pain with osteochondrosis

Changes and complications in the course of the disease lead to the formation of intervertebral hernias, severe pain, impaired function of intervertebral discs.

This disease is fixed in 80% of patients who seek help due to lower back pain. As a rule, osteochondrosis occurs in old age due to:

  • increased loads during life relative to the lower back,
  • lime salt deposits,
  • age changes.

Description and symptoms of the disease

The characteristic signs of lumbar pathology include the following manifestations:

  • decreased flexibility and mobility;
  • difficulty turning, turning, tilting the body;
  • general fatigue;
  • sleep disorders;
  • the problematic implementation of natural needs and self-service due to the occurrence of pain;
  • irritability, sudden sweating;
  • coldness or tingling in the legs;
  • spastic manifestations in the arteries of the feet;
  • violation of sexual function (in men), menstrual cycle (in women);
  • phlebeurysm.

In fact, to answer the question of what is osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine, you can use the following theses:

  1. Reduction of the distance between the intervertebral discs, violation of their functionality, loss of moisture, elasticity.
  2. Overwork and chronic weakness of the muscles of the spine.
  3. Violation of the damping ability of the discs, their partial deformation and the effect on the nerve endings that lead to pain (applies to stages 3 and 4 of the disease).

The course of the disease

The development of pathology occurs gradually. It is customary to distinguish 4 stages of medical history:

  1. The first degree is manifested by local pains in the lumbar region, which are aggravated by physical exertion. This symptom signals that the muscles are overworked and the process of deformation of the intervertebral discs has already begun. Also, patients at this stage may feel dull pain in the back, radiating to the gluteal region, tingling, burning in the same place. Typically, pain occurs after weight shifting or sudden movements.
  2. The 2nd period of the disease is characterized by the appearance of deformation of the surrounding tissues, the fibrous ring of the disc, and a reduction in the natural distance between the vertebrae. Compression (compression) of the nerve roots also develops. At this stage, the patient may experience sharp pains that progress with walking. There may be a burning or cold sensation in the legs. Disc tension and protrusion develop. If a pain crisis occurs, the patient automatically deviates in the opposite direction from the focus of the pain syndrome.
  3. The third degree is characterized by the permanent destruction of the disc rings, the appearance of intervertebral hernias. Lower back pain becomes more frequent and stronger, while giving to the legs, back, regardless of the load and movement.
  4. The fourth stage of osteochondrosis is characterized by abnormal growth of the vertebrae. Cartilage undergoes significant atrophic processes. The pain may subside, indicating the formation of protective tissue, but this is by no means a sign of recovery. The disease at this stage most often leads to disability of the patient.

Accompanying diseases

Almost identical manifestations of the disease in question are characterized by deforming spondylosis of the corresponding part of the body. This disease belongs to the advanced stages of osteochondrosis and has the following symptoms:

  • feeling of heaviness in the back, especially in its lower part;
  • sharp pain when sitting, moving;
  • lower back pain when bending, stretching and other movements.
lumbar spine osteochondrosis

This disease is characterized by cardinal changes in the vertebrae with the formation of bony growths that irritate the ligaments of the spine. The growths (osteophytes) can reach a considerable size, cause the fusion of parts of adjacent vertebrae and put pressure on the nerve roots.

The consequence of the disease, in addition to pain, can be a decrease in mobility, discomfort when the weather changes, disability.

Basically, the disease develops in old age due to excessive stress on the lumbar region and lime salt deposits. In young people, spondylosis can develop due to the curvature of the spine, improper distribution of stress on the muscles of the back.

Wellness gymnastics, physiotherapy and medical procedures

It is completely unrealistic to cure the disease. The first two stages of spinal health disorders can be cured quickly and permanently. In addition to drug treatment, which is prescribed by a doctor after an appropriate examination, patients are given physiotherapy and exercise equipment for osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine.

These include:

  • massage - can reduce pain, strengthen the muscles of the lower back, relax problem areas.
  • Physical activity, exercises to strengthen the muscles of the back.
  • Amplipulse, magnetic resonance effect.
  • Iontophoresis and diadynamic currents.

The optimal result in the treatment of osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine gives an integrated approach using traditional therapy, massage, physiotherapy, traditional medicine. As a preventive measure, you need to strengthen your back muscles, do not avoid physical exertion and follow proper nutrition. Also do not forget about the timely treatment of other back diseases, maintaining a healthy lifestyle.